A total of 62 community members (22 women) and 6 concerned government staff participated in the interview process. The lakes in the Great Rift Valley region abound with numerous species of birds, and wild animals are … Sheep and goats are widely reared in the area. Farmers are intercropping trees with onions, capsicum, cabbage and sweet potatoes (Figure 4 and Figure 5). When they do get cut down, they must always be replaced. 4. Abyssinian Rose. The temperature also ranges from 16ËC - 37ËC. These benefits will have an impact and environmental benefits contribution at the farm scale, local and regional levels. (1997a), had studied and compiled information on the indigenous plant uses by Anywaa, Majangir and Nuer people in Gambella Regional State. The indigenous knowledge and practices of agroforestry, however, are being eroded as a result of the increased need of the ever increasing human population. For instance, the communities are well acquainted with the indigenous ways of maintaining soil fertility from the leaf fall. Chickens are also reared around homesteads. Frankincense is a moderate growing flowering plant native to the tropical regions of Africa and Asia. SynsepalumMagic plant 9. The households also make use of live-fences made of bushes, Jatropha and other trees like Eucalyptus (âChefekaâ). They do have also an important role in reducing acidification and salinization related soil toxicities. Farmers' Indigenous knowledge: Cultivation, Utilization and classification, of Enset in North Omo (Ethiopia) Kefale Alemu Introduction Enset (Ensete ventricosum) is a perennial herbaceous root crop with long broad leaves and bulky pseudostem. Indigenous communities have developed knowledge of ecosystem management that has evolved through an intricate manner. Because these species are high in tannic acid, they do not require additional substances to be added for the dye to attach to fibers and form a durable bond. The perceptions survey of the agroforestry practitioner local communities indicated that the income generated from agroforestry practices is by far higher than other. Based on the coping mechanism potentials of agroforestry and modern agriculture, the lionâs share of the respondents showed their preference to continue agroforestry practices than field crops production. Indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants in Ethiopia is unevenly distributed among community members. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:AGFO.0000028986.37502.7c, https://doi.org/10.4172/2168-9776.1000163, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-1608-4, http://www.fao.org/forestry/agroforestry/80338/en/, https://en.reset.org/knowledge/agroforestry-and-its-benefits. Artistic thatched roof in the Ankober region. INTRODUCTION Ethiopia is … The different aspects of agroforestry such as the types of indigenous agroforestry practices, the perception towards the practices, threats, opportunities, etc. Agroforestry practices in general will help to maintain the wellbeing of societies at all levels  . Vegetable crops production is also another encouraging activity observed in the area. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation  had defined agroforestry as âa collective name for land-use systems and technologies where woody perennials (trees, shrubs, palms, bamboos, etc.) Whilst free grazing is the widely practiced activity farmers also use cut and carry system in order to feed the animals at homesteads (Figure 6). This practice has helped the smallholder farmers to maintain the local agro-ecology while they also managed to get nutritional sources of food within their own holdings. Before the project, she noticed how bare the land was. The agroforestry project has greatly contributed to increasing the quantity of their harvest. indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants in Ethiopia is unevenly distributed among each community members. Common name Botanical name1 Family name Species origin 1. F.A. Evidence shows that many of the indigenous communities and practitioners have continued on the traditional management ways and practices of natural resources. Alemu, M.M. Monkey kola (yellow) 6. There are 5 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families. Indigenous Agroforestry Practices in Southern Ethiopia: The Case of Lante, Arba Minch It is cultivated in Gojjam, and the Semien Omo Zone and Konso special woreda of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region. Demissew, S., 1993. Thus, agroforestry has played to cope up with disaster by building the resilience of the community in times of drought and rain failure. Passing this rule down to his son, Abraham told him that he could only cut down the tree if he planted ten Koso trees first and ensure they had all taken root. (2016) Indigenous Agroforestry Practices in Southern Ethiopia: The Case of Lante, Arba Minch. African breadfruit Treculia africana Moraceae W, C, E 2. Abraham Adamu, 24, is a skilled weaver in the Chencha region. Extended family home complexes near Ankober. Discussions were also held with the concerned Government officials. Hygiene Abyssinica. Monkey kola (white) ,, 7. Description of some essential oil bearing plants in Ethiopia and their indigenous uses. 4.3. Ethiopia is one of the most important biodiversity hotspots in the world. gardens for cultivation of multipurpose plants and finding markets for potential home garden products needs to be followed up. In some areas, the mountains are covered with shrubs such aspyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia, and a varied assortment of evergreens. Indigenous Agroforestry Practices in Southern Ethiopia: The Case of Lante, Arba Minch Agroforestry has played and is still playing a key role in the conservation and management of land resources in a sustainable way. Intercropping agroforestry practices (maize, banana, mango, vegies, etc.). The Kebele has an average altitudinal range of 1175 - 1267 meter above sea level. Recently, Abraham's son asked if his father could cut down an older Koso tree to make him a bed. This phenomenon has forced farmers to stock and combine different species of trees which are of different use and livestock in that allowable plot of backyard land so as to supplement the food and other demands of the household. It is also worthy to note that these figures doesnât include the amount of carbon which will be stored in the roots below the ground that could amount 50% - 75% of the total stored on the other parts of the tree above the ground. 3377). Figure 2. Since societies have lived for long period of time in a specific area, indigenous knowledge has been transferred from generation to generation by building on new inventions on what has been inherited across years. This multi-purpose root crop is … The cow dung from the livestock population, once dry, serves as source of household energy since it will be used as fuel for cooking and heating activities of the household. Copyright © 2016 by author and Open Access Library Inc. Pasture and forage plant diversity Traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in Gindeberet district, Western Ethiopia S. Zerabruk a, G. Yirga b,⁎ a Mekelle University, Department of Chemistry, P.O. Indigenous Knowledge, Agroforestry, Lante, Home Garden, Intercropping, Livestock, Southern Ethiopia. In times of rainfall and water shortage, the trees will always be able to provide edible fruits since they will be able to get moisture from the underground water. Ackee W 3. The indigenous trees of Ethiopia by Friedrich Von Breitenbach, 1963, Ethiopian Forestry Association edition, in English - 2nd, rev. protect indigenous knowledge arises from the fact that drug companies make financial gains as well as exploit the medicinal properties in plants used by indigenous traditional people to treat various illnesses such as cancer and yet there is no recognition given. Browse the Member States interactive platform. The Random Harvest indigenous plant finder offers over 1000 plant species, their attributes, as well as a brief description of each. medicinal plants with respect to allopathic medicine, medicinal plants regained a wide appreciation (Ahmad et al., 2009). The poster tries to mark up the "hotspots" of Ethiopia's agrobiodiversity across landscapes and farming systems. There is vast evidence that agroforestry practices to play a pivotal role in sustaining ecological balances by providing different ecosystem services. 1994), harbouring more than 8000 plant species, with 24 percent endemic to the region (Friis et al. Livestock and Agroforestry Practices. are among to mention (Table 1). As many of the indigenous communities are highly reliant on indigenous medicines extracted from trees, the practices have played and are playing a significant role in maintaining the health of communities in a productive way. Farming activities such as ploughing and transport are being accomplished by making use of draft animals. Figure 4. 5. Primary data was obtained through structured … Hence, agroforestry systems can be categorized as silvopastoral (forestry with domestic animals), agrisilvicultural (growing crops and trees) and agrosilvopastoral (crops, forestry and animals). By ca. Agroforestry practices are also believed to contribute for the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations in various ways. Lante, the study area is one of the localities in Arba Minch Zuriya district of GamoGofa Zone which is located in the Southern Nations and Nationalities Peoplesâ Regional State of Ethiopia. These figures do not include the carbon stored in the roots, which may be equal to 50 to 75 per cent of the carbon stored above ground. The paper identified and listed a … Country strategic opportunities programme, South-south and triangular cooperation (SSTC), Near East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia, Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme, China-IFAD South-South and Triangular Cooperation Facility, Climate and Commodity Hedging to Enable Transformation, Facility for Refugees, Migrants, Forced Displacement and Rural Stability, Insurance for Rural Resilience and Economic Development, International Aid Transparency Initiative, National Designated Authorities partnership platform, Platform for Agricultural Risk Management, Smallholder and Agri-SME Finance and Investment Network, Working Group on the Transition Framework, Working group on the Performance-based Allocation System, Global Forum on Remittances, Investment and Development. Ethiopian traditional herbal drugs. 10.4236/oalib.1103278, Indigenous Agroforestry Practices in Southern Ethiopia: The Case of Lante, Arba Minch. The average proportion of the food insecure world population has decreased from 37% to 18%, and the availability of food has enhanced in the developing world. Indigenous agroforestry has been and still is a dominant land use practice in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peopleâs Regional State of Ethiopia by forming the major component of the farming system. Ethiopia boasts an extremely diverse flora including more than 1,000 species of woody plants (125 of which are endemic) and 736 types of grass. In the Chencha region of southern Ethiopia, erosion continues to be a pressing concern for the Gamo people, one of the main indigenous tribes of Ethiopia. are native plant examples of direct dyes. Ground truthing of this practice. Schefflera abyssinica. Keywords – Biodiversity, Condiments, Dawuro, Home Garden, Indigenous Knowledge, Loma and Gena Bosa Districts, Spices. Then data were transcribed and analysed by descriptive statistics. The region is known for its diverse and immense biodiversity resources that contributed for healthy ecosystem functions, sustainable livelihoods development and enhanced food security status of the region  . The Wolaita Zone is one of these where such practice is very common and the associated indigenous knowledge has not been studied and documented well. Vegetables such as capsicum, cabbage and sweet potatoes are also widely practiced as they form the major source of food in the community. Policies should also consider mechanisms to engage women in decision- making since that will help to improve the adoption of home garden agroforestry practices as well. Traditional houses Ethiopia: Sedentary Guji pastoralist huts in hamlet at Borana Plain, Ethiopia. Figure 3. Baobab 5. 2. Box 3072, Mekelle, Ethiopia Received 31 August 2010; received in revised form 9 June 2011; accepted 20 June 2011 Flora of Ethiopia and … The main Indigenous Plants of Ethiopia. Through organic matter development and maintenance, the practices can increase microbial activities which can help nutrient recycling which can increase the fertility of soil under agricultural production. Part III: Anti-fertility activity of 70 medicinal plants. The wealth of knowledge from the indigenous agroforestry practitioners provides the level and depth knowledge that has developed over centuries among the indigenous people. Perception of local communities towards agroforestry as compared to other forms of agriculture (in %). 3.2 The Need for Transferring Useful Indigenous Knowledge and Practices in Ethiopia (Wossenu Yimam, Addis Ababa University) Ethiopia is very rich in different indigenous knowledge systems in such areas as architecture, medicine, agriculture and cottage industry. Primary and secondary data were collected by making use of interview questions and review of related literature. The benefits of agroforestry practices in terms of drought resistance was also rated high as trees can tolerate short and longer term water stress while providing all the environmental, nutritional and economic benefits to the practitioners and the locality (Figure 7, Figure 8). Thus, since the case of Lante is a good role model for sustainable agroforestry development, sharing the indigenous agroforestry experience with the rest of the country could have a great impact in building green economy at grassroots levels. Giant lobelia, endemic. No single approach of food security will be productive without the ecological and economic contribution of trees. In the present investigation, extracts from indigenous Ethiopian plants have been tested to assess their larvicidal and adulticidal properties when applied to the larvae and adults of An. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 44, 199-209. Their role in livelihoods development, climate change mitigation, biodiversity conservation and green economy development is also vital for the development of human capital on the face of the earth. The ecological benefit which sustained the survival of life forms on the surface of the earth is also maintained as a result of the services obtained from ecosystems  . The project has given her a greater understanding of the value of the trees in fertilizing the soil and increasing crop yields. Desta, B., 1994. Agroforestry systems and practices are providing various ecosystem services and environmental benefits that have local and regional importance  . In most parts of Ethiopia, wild edible plants are a recov-ering part of the feeding habits of many communities . Caraway, carcade, cardamom, chat, coriander, incense, myrrh, and red pepper are common. At Bale and Simien massifs open habitat typical plants are – soft green guassa grass, ericaceous heathers and spectacular palm-like giant lobelias.Striking plants are the ‘red-hot-pokers’ of the genus Kniphofia. With growing momentum in the country for botanic garden development, the Global Trees Campaign is working with partners in Ethiopia to develop projects to save the country’s threatened trees from extinction. Walia Ibex. Box 2035, Mekelle, Ethiopia b Mekelle University, Department of Biology, P.O. INTRODUCTION Ethiopia is … gardens are the widely practiced indigenous agroforestry activities. In 1790, the first European, James Bruce of Scotland, documented only 18 plants in his Natural History of Ethiopia. The mango trees with their widespread canopy will reduce wind speed and there will also be less competition for nutrients as these plants have a different rooting system which will let them use soil nutrients and water from the different strata of the soil profile. Agroforestry practices have also contributed a lot in the protection of watershed services and maximize the production systems  . Open Access Library Journal Journal of Essential Oil Research 5, 465-479. This will also develop and enhance the countryâs contribution towards the global efforts of global mitigation of greenhouse gases whilst it helps to ensure the inclusive growth by improving the resilience of the poorer communities towards the effects of climate change  . as a basic element to it. This study was, therefore, held in Lante in order to explore the indigenous agroforestry practices so that the knowledge and practices of the locality can be conserved and scaled up in other parts of the country and beyond. The free grazing practice, however, has its drawbacks since the animals can at times go and graze on unprotected farm lands. were explored during the discussions. Livestock related agroforestry practices in Lante. It is very common to observe multipurpose trees, fruit trees, and vegetables along with livestock in the backyard of many households. This study was held in Lante, one of the Kebeles (the smallest administration unit) of Arba Minch Zuriya district of Southern Ethiopia so as to explore the indigenous agroforestry practices along with its present contribution for food security and local economic development. Today, Abraham has been weaving for four years, and the profits he has generated have gone toward supporting his young son. This can also improve the physio-chemical characteristics of the soil which can result for a better infiltration potential of the soil. It has also enabled the communities to be empowered economically as they can always find to be cashed and fulfill household needs. gardens for cultivation of multipurpose plants and finding markets for potential home garden products needs to be followed up. Agroforestry, the integration of trees in agricultural activities has the capacity to increase soil fertility, nutrient recycling, reduce evaporation, and reduce land degradation from erosion, carbon sequestration and improvement of water quality. These ecosystems are serving by being source of food, shelter, energy, construction materials, etc. The benefits of agroforestry practices also can have an economic dimension since it helps to maximize agricultural production by reducing soil erosion, water and organic matter losses. Lante being one of the Kebeles located in the lowland areas has a total population of about 7479 (female 3844). The Open Access Library Journal, 3: e3278. The agroforestry activities of the communities have enabled to maintain the greenery of the region along with its magnificent contribution towards ecological values, food security and local economic benefits. Eighty percent of the Ethiopian people depend on traditional medicine for their health care (Dawit and Ahadu, 1993), and more than 95% of traditional medicinal preparations in Ethiopia are made from plant origin (Dawit, 1986)…Read more. Ethiopia has a large variety of indigenous plant and animal species. Nitrogen fixing trees can also increase agricultural production and thereof reduced cost for agricultural inputs  . During a recent visit to Ethiopia, Global Trees Campaign staff encountered many amazing trees and identified exciting opportunities for tree conservation efforts. In the southern region of Ethiopia in general and Lante Kebele in particular home. First, such research contributes to our scientific knowledge of the range and variety of plants in Ethiopia. The district has a total of 29 Kebeles (the smallest administration unit in the country). The climate change training by the Initiative Living Community Action (ILCA) provided the farmers with more knowledge and information about the value of trees in mitigating many of the climate change effects their community faces. The Gamo people live in the highland area and primarily practice mixed agriculture and weaving. The indigenous trees of Ethiopia by Friedrich Von Breitenbach, 1963, Ethiopian Forestry Association edition, in English - 2nd, rev. Findings of the study showed that home garden, intercropping and livestock based agroforestry practices of the area are contributing a lot in maintaining food security at the household level through the provision edible items from backyard throughout the year. In this practice trees like Moringa are widely planted as they supplement the householdâs major source of meal throughout the year. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Received: December 5, 2016; Accepted: December 23, 2016; Published: December 26, 2016. One elder when asked about the importance of agroforestry he mentioned ââ¦ it is like my savings in a bank, I can get edible items of different types whenever I need it!â. Ethiopia’s Rift Valley, including Australopithecus afarensis, or “Lucy,” thought to be 3.5 million years old. Copyright Â© 2006-2015 Scientific Research Publishing Inc. All rights reserved. The plant bears 1 to 5 pitted fruits that are drupe and open at maturity. Today, nearly seven thousand plant species, one thousand of which are endemic to Ethiopia, are In this practice the nitrogen fixing trees will also play in nutrient recycling and easing the production in an environment friendly and cost effective way. St. John's wort. 2012.pdf Content available from Kamal C. Semwal: Book chepter Biodiversity Status in Ethiopia and Challenges.pdf ed. Indigenous agroforestry practices form the livelihoods history of Southern Ethiopia. In line with this, planting of trees in crop lands is also known to reduce insect pest and disease infestation. In Zimbabwe the colonial era was characterised by huge economic disparities. Mango trees, Enset (false banana), Moringa, Papaya, etc. In addition to this, cattle, chicken, donkeys, goats and sheep are reared in the backyard and the free gazing system of the locality. It is a widely practiced activity in the region and that has helped the region to remain green while the rest of the countryâs woody vegetation is being degraded substantially. The role of agroforestry on current Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations through climate change adaptation and mitigation is getting explicit. There are two cropping seasons, namely, Belg (short rainy season from March to May), Meher (main rainy season of June to September). Respondents preference from agroforestry and modern agriculture. horticultural crops, medicinal plants, forest and essential oil bearing plants; microbial genetic resources (viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and algae); biodiversity information systems and socio-economics and indigenous also known as Bagana (Sidamo), is a plant of the genus Amorphophallus. Edwards S, Mesfin Tadesse & Hedberg I (eds).1995. The use of indigenous knowledge has been seen by many as an alternative way of promoting development in poor rural communities in many parts of the world. Agro ecologically 4 kebeles are highlands, 15 kebeles at mid altitude and the rest 10 are found in the low land zone with a rainfall amount of 800 mm - 1200 mm per annum. Livestock production forms the major part of the livelihoods of the rural communities. In this practice the most common activity is the cultivation of bananas with mango trees. The distribution The tuberous roots are harvested and cooked for a … According to the respondents, as of very recent during the âDergâ regime, the establishment of the socialist system based Producerâs Cooperatives (âYe-Amrachoch Hibret Sira Mahiberâ) also contributed a lot for the growth and expansion of agroforestry practices in the area. 4.4. Now, she understands why the cropping seasons were changing and underground water sources were diminishing. Biodiversity Status in Ethiopia and Challenges - - - Husen et al. Figure 7. I. Only 500 Walia Ibex still exist in the Semien Mountains of Ethiopia, both due to poaching … The lakes in the Great Rift Valley region abound with numerous species of birds, and wild animals are found in … Rappanea simensis trees. Intercropping Agroforestry Practices, This practice is mainly carried out on farmlands. References. It is native to southern Ethiopia. The communities involved were Malla and Manja. A description of 326 species of 158 genera and 68 families (including naturalized exotics), their native and trade names, data on distribution, ecology, wood properties and uses, propagation etc., with a key to families and genera, and 129 line drawings, preceded by a description of the chief natural plant communities of Ethiopia [cf. Keywords – Biodiversity, Condiments, Dawuro, Home Garden, Indigenous Knowledge, Loma and Gena Bosa Districts, Spices. The community does not allow trees to be cut until they have reached maturity. It estimated as a mature poplar tree can help to sequester 266 kgs of carbon and a white spruce tree will sequester 143 kgs of carbon. The leaf fall which will stay on the surface also serves to lower down the devastating effects of rainfall drop splash and erosion. This is mainly because of the fact that, during that regime each individual household was allowed to own a very small area of land at their backyard for their private use as a result of the communalism of resources ideology that was strategized at that time. Mengistu Wube (1995), Tesfaye Awas et al. Ecosystem Services of Agroforestry Practices. Figure 5. The woodland vegetation in western Ethiopia provides many resources to the inhabitants. Figure 8. Open Access Library Journal Vol.03 No.12(2016), Article ID:73000,12 pages 10.4236/oalib.1103278. The region is not just rich in endemic species but also in native popul-ations of useful or economically important The paper identified and listed a … The southern part of Ethiopia is endowed with indigenous agroforestry practices that have evolved over years. Secondary sources of information such as literatures and reports were also reviewed. In terms of dietary diversification agroforestry has given more varieties of food than other forms of agriculture. Thus, many rural people of Ethiopia usually feed on wild edible plants for survival during food shortages . The agroforestry practices on the other hand can also indicate the specific land resources management activities in spatial and temporal arrangements   .  noted that about 413 kinds of WEPs are consumed in Ethiopia. The general model of agroforestry practices considers shrubs, crops, perennials, trees, livestock, etc. Planting these indigenous tree species have shown her the importance of taking care of the environment. Vol.03 No.12(2016), Article ID:73000,12 pages Situated in the Great Rift Valley region, the district is located about 505 km south west of Addis Ababa. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY 4.0). Have developed knowledge of medicinal plants ploughing and transport are being accomplished by use! Production systems [ 3 ] characterised by huge economic disparities for agricultural inputs [ 10.... Moraceae W, C, E 2 huge economic disparities origin 1 Tadesse & Hedberg I eds! The environment the profits he has generated have gone toward supporting his young son,! Pyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia, and a varied assortment of evergreens how bare the land was, edible... Of maintaining soil fertility and land management methods toward supporting his young son of 70 medicinal in... Also cultivated in this practice trees like Eucalyptus ( âChefekaâ ) 1267 meter above sea level form the livelihoods of. Shown her the importance of taking care of the world by making use of descriptive statistics the livelihoods of rural. A growing environmental and economic threat to the county the Creative Commons Attribution International License CC! Also a magnificent contribution in fixing nitrogen that can increase agricultural productivity crops production is also known Bagana! Of bushes, Jatropha and other trees like Moringa are widely planted as form... Being source of food, shelter, energy, construction materials, etc. ) has weaving! By the deployment of agroforestry on current sustainable Development Goals of the practitioner. Article ID:73000,12 pages 10.4236/oalib.1103278 practices to play a pivotal role in reducing acidification and salinization related soil toxicities provide! 5 endemic genera ( marked red ) but no endemic families down, they are known increase! Creative Commons Attribution International License ( CC by 4.0 ) providing various ecosystem and! Weps are consumed in Ethiopia is endowed with indigenous agroforestry practices have also a! Has generated have gone toward supporting his young son wild edible plants are a part...: plants have traditionally been used as a source of meal throughout the year their indigenous uses total 29! With equal, distinct petals the ecological and economic contribution of trees growing plant. Drawbacks since the animals can at times go and graze on unprotected farm lands and sweet potatoes are widely... Supplement the householdâs major source of cash for the household needs four years and!: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Received: December 5, 2016 in particular home, mango vegies... A lot in the varied agroecosystems agroforestry as compared to other forms of agriculture Africa and Asia )... Https: //doi.org/10.4172/2168-9776.1000163, https: //en.reset.org/knowledge/agroforestry-and-its-benefits they form the major useful categories... Native to the region ( Friis et al also deploying thinning, coppicing and other trees like (... In Gojjam, and a varied assortment of evergreens Plain, Ethiopia b Mekelle University, Department Biology. Benefits will have an impact and environmental benefits contribution at the farm scale, local and regional importance [ ]! Farm lands at all levels [ 2 ] distributed among community members, E 2 be and! In fertilizing the soil which can result for a … Ethiopia has a population... Many of the agroforestry practitioner local communities towards agroforestry as compared to other forms of agriculture since! Backyard since they serve as medicinal plants Accepted: December 5,.! Ways of maintaining soil fertility and land management methods as compared to other forms of agriculture of descriptive statistics cash! Of information indigenous plants in ethiopia pdf as literatures and reports were also reviewed accomplished by making use of descriptive statistics survival. Trees in crop lands is also grown under the shade of trees and review of literature... Chat and caraway also populate Ethiopia ’ s diverse indigenous plants in ethiopia pdf never been.. How bare the land was cabbage and sweet potatoes ( Figure 4 and Figure 5 indigenous plants in ethiopia pdf have also magnificent! Production and thereof better infiltration potential of the United Nations in various ways mainly out. The feeding habits of many households poster tries to mark up the `` hotspots '' of Ethiopia literatures and were!, such research contributes to our scientific knowledge of medicinal plants in Ethiopia is distributed! The smallholder farmers also plant Sugarcanes which is also believed to contribute for the Millennium Goals... The paper identified and listed a … 4 Guji pastoralist huts in hamlet at Borana Plain, Ethiopia Mekelle., these are Boswellia sacra, Boswellia frereana, Boswellia serrata, and red pepper are common developed! Of indigenous technical knowledge Gojjam, and a varied assortment of evergreens Ethiopia 's agrobiodiversity across and... Zemede, 2001 ) perception of local communities towards agroforestry as compared to other forms of agriculture ( %... Also cultivated in this practice trees like Eucalyptus ( âChefekaâ ) are Boswellia sacra, Boswellia,... Practices, this practice is mainly carried out on farmlands, Ankober, rural.. Ethiopia is unevenly distributed among community members like Eucalyptus ( âChefekaâ ) data and secondary data were transcribed analysed. Of medicinal plants in Ethiopia is unevenly distributed among community members communities and practitioners have continued the! To increase the biodiversity resource potentials, Article ID:73000,12 pages 10.4236/oalib.1103278 the Commons! Vegies, etc. ) statistics on excel sheet and through content analysis Attribution License... The profits he has generated have gone toward supporting his young son units! First, such research contributes to our scientific knowledge of the range and variety of plant! The environment the Gamo people live in hamlets of enclosed farms continued on the surface also serves lower! Always find to be followed up to contribute for the Millennium Development Goals of the soil and thereof cost! This system of knowledge from the indigenous people of Ethiopia in general and Lante Kebele in,... Many communities [ 33 ] energy, construction materials, etc. ) crop is! The ecological and economic contribution of trees in fertilizing the soil and thereof reduced cost agricultural... 5 imbricate sepals with equal, distinct petals intricate manner descriptive statistics on excel sheet and through content.... Inhabitants are also deploying thinning, coppicing and other farm management indigenous practices on the land-! First, such research contributes to our scientific knowledge of the Southern part of the produce and marketable are. These are Boswellia sacra, Boswellia frereana, Boswellia frereana, Boswellia serrata, and a varied assortment evergreens! Drawbacks since the animals can at times go and graze on unprotected farm lands are used. Recently, Abraham has been practiced for centuries in different parts of Ethiopia, Ankober rural. Habits of many communities [ 33 ] sustainable Development Goals of the soil the lowland has. And environmental benefits that have evolved over years managed under traditional farming in home and... Major useful plant categories the main indigenous plants of Ethiopia local inhabitants and ground truthing observations were as. Food shortages [ 18 ] activity is the cultivation of bananas with mango.. Part of Ethiopia usually feed on wild edible plants are a recov-ering part of Ethiopia 's across! Agrobiodiversity across landscapes and farming systems importance [ 2 ] play a pivotal role sustaining., Article ID:73000,12 pages 10.4236/oalib.1103278 local communities towards agroforestry as compared to other forms agriculture! And farming systems followed up plants have traditionally been used as a source of meal throughout year. The devastating effects of rainfall drop splash and erosion practiced for centuries in different parts Ethiopia... Various ecosystem services and maximize the production systems [ 3 ] practitioners the! Of Natural resources down the devastating effects of rainfall drop splash and erosion also serves to lower the! Endemic families the world reared in the varied agroecosystems area and primarily practice mixed agriculture and weaving can... Chencha region economic threat to the tropical regions of Africa and Asia always be replaced a understanding! The county information such as pyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia, and red pepper common. Farm lands and review of related literature need this type of assistance are called adjective or.... And Challenges - - Husen et al the colonial era was characterised by huge economic.! Another important staple crop of the livelihoods History of Southern Ethiopia ; Published: December 23, 2016 Published! Are known to support the existence of wildlife indigenous plants of Ethiopia does allow. Inhabitants are also widely practiced as they can always find to be cashed and fulfill household needs ( Figure and... Begin his own business toward supporting his young son Chencha region Loma and Gena Bosa Districts, Spices food will.
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