Sow 2-3 okra seeds 1/2 to 1 inch deep in each pot. Once all the okra seedlings have been removed from the seed tray, I like to lay the seedlings out where they will be planted. © 2017 Carbon Media Group Agriculture Okra needs warm temperatures, full sun, and can tolerate dry conditions. It will eventually decompose if left in the hole. Place your okra seeds into the freezer and allow them to cool overnight. Okra is rich in vitamin A, and the low-calorie vegetable produces beautiful flowers during the growing season that enhance the look of your garden. If they begin to get very leggy to the point of falling over then you will probably need to start new seeds. The soil level of the peat pot should be level with the soil level of the row (or raised bed). Many of the best and most unusual varieties of vegetables are simply not available in your local nursery and your only option is growing these plants from seeds. Once the stalk is depleted, cut it back to the ground; fertilize the soil and prepare to grow a second crop. I decided to transplant the okra seedling with the peat pot intact. When the okra is about 3 inches long, harvest the first round by snipping the pod from the stem with sterilized pruning shears and prepare for another harvest as the summer progresses. The roots are still delicate, and you should transplant the plant as quickly as possible to establish them in the ground. Every year I end up with some very leggy okra seedlings started indoors. Okra prefers warmer temperatures for seed to germinate. Because okra germinates and grows best when planted in soil that has warmed above 80 degrees F, northern gardeners often start seeds in flats and transplant seedlings when the weather heats up. Transplant seedlings on a calm, cloudy day, if possible. Plant the seeds ½ inch into the peat pot and gently tamp the soil over the planted seeds. Timing the planting of the seedlings is crucial to the development of your crop; okra is best suited to U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 6 through 11. I have 7.5 gallon containers that I would like to plant them inside. Plant the seeds 1 inch deep every 4 to 6 inches in a row. Prepare the soil, with a hole and a soil-less medium at the base of the hole. Transplant okra to the garden after seedlings are at least 4 to 6 inches (10-15 cm) tall. Tomatoes are really the only vegetable that can be planted deeper. The pod should be firm. Plant in rows at least 12 to 18 inches apart. Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) is a warm-weather vegetable, and it can be planted either indoors or directly into the garden, depending on your desired harvesting dates. Wrap a strip of newspaper around the base of the seedling to prevent cutworms from chewing the stems, and be sure at least 1 inch of newspaper is below ground. Posted on May 11, 2010 by Admin in Discover How-to // 7 Comments. Seed. To remove the okra seedlings, I simply use a sharp knife and cut each seed cell down both sides to form a small pot. Adding phosphorus to the planting holes is a great way to help reduce transplant shock, and help the seedlings to develop stronger roots. Once the okra seedling is at the proper depth cover with soil or compost. 5. Water the seedlings thoroughly before transplanting them. When they are several inches high and the outdoor soil temperature is at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit with no frost on the horizon, you can transplant the seedlings either outdoors or into a container. Okra seeds can be started indoors in seed trays four to six weeks before the last frost date of your area. Space the rows at least 3 feet apart. In warmer regions of the country, seeds are often direct-sown. To make them germinate faster, soak the seeds in a glass of water overnight. Before you get started, make sure that the seeds you are saving come from a plant that has been grown alongside the same variety of okra, or that you have kept your okra plant isolated from other varieties. We recommend starting transplants 4-5 weeks before the desired outdoor planting date. Kit_Leong Getty Images. Okra is not very difficult to grow in the home vegetable garden. Varieties of okra for high heat and low humidity areas (such as the low desert of Arizona) include Becks, Emerald Green… Okra should be planted about 18 to 24 inches apart in rows (if you are using rows) that are about two to three feet apart. An African native, okra was cultivated by ancient Egyptians in the 12th century B.C., and it spread... Okra Growing Stages. Planting. Time of Planting. Okra seeds take a little longer than other seeds to germinate because of their hard shell. I wonder why? Plant okra in the spring several weeks after all danger of frost has passed. Check to make sure the okra seedling is not sitting too deep or too high in the hole. However those living in cooler climates may find that growing okra indoors and transplanting the seedlings helps them shorten the time they have to wait to harvest their okra. I started them indoors and theya re about 6″ high. Gently remove them from the pot, separate the seedlings, and set them about 10 inches apart. After this is completed be sure to give all the seedlings a thorough drink of water or compost tea. It is best to plant okra with the soil level of the seedling the same height as the soil level of the garden. The seeds need full sun to germinate. Its only 8 inches high . How to Plant Okra If you are planting okra transplants, be sure to space them 1 to 2 feet apart to give them ample room to grow. The seeds have to be sown at a distance of at least 4 inches from each other and a depth of 0.5 inches. How to Transplant Okra History of Okra. Place the okra seedling in the hole you previously dug. If you start okra seeds in a seed tray, there are a few things you should know while transplanting them in the vegetable garden. Okra grows easily in the South, where the warm weather and sun produce a year-round crop, with the height of the season falling in the summer months. Once the seed tray cell has been cut on both sides, the cell can easily be removed. Due to its taproot, okra doesn’t transplant well that’s why you’ll have to directly plant the seeds in the container or a biodegradable pot. 2). Brought to the United States by the slaves of Western Africa in the 17th century, the Creoles of Louisiana use okra as a thickener in their stews, such as gumbo, according to Food Reference. In early spring, we recommend transplanting to get a jump start on the growing season. By transplanting, you can have plants in the ground before the soil temperature warms enough to direct seed. Okra Seeds Germination. By transplanting, you can have plants in the ground before the soil temperature warms enough to direct seed. Water the plants about an hour before transplanting, so the roots will bind and be protected. The peat pot tray is easy to work with and makes it very easy to remove the seedlings. This first growth stages of an okra is the seed phase. Sometimes it can be difficult to remove the seedlings in the plastic trays without damaging the seedling. Repeat this same process until all the okra seedlings are transplanted into the vegetable garden. Cowhorn Okra may be direct-seeded or transplanted. or is it? Plant on a cloudy day. Soak the okra seeds overnight or for several hours prior to planting to speed up germination. This means moving the peat pots outdoors to acclimate to the weather slowly. Mine are leggy too. Okra usually is grown from seed, and there is a good reason for that. Set plants 24 inches (60 cm) apart in rows at least 24 inches apart. Pretty enough for the flower garden, okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) is a close relative of the hollyhock. Okra planting is done manually or by the use of seed planters. I then take an okra seedling and place one in each hole to represent where they’ll be planted. Raising plants from seeds can be a rewarding and exciting way to add new varieties to your garden. The strong fragrance of basil repels a number of pests that like okra, including flea beetles, stinkbugs, spider mites, aphids and whiteflies. Here is how I transplant okra seedling into the vegetable garden. Plant the okra seeds about 1 inch deep and 2 inches apart in the row (Fig. How deep to plant okra When you plant okra seeds, plant three seeds per pot or area. This will help to break the seed coat. When the climatic conditions are warm, it is time for the plantation of okra in your garden. Manage Consent, Tweets that mention How To Transplant Okra Seedlings : Veggie Gardener -- Topsy.com. As far as fertilizing goes, is it recommended to use chicken manure or is that too high in nitrogen? Should I start new seeds? If you are planting okra in a raised bed, the okra plants should be about 12 to 18 inches apart, and the raised bed needs to be at least 12 inches deep. Okra prefers a soil pH range of 6.0 to 6.8. The Effects of Coffee Grounds on the Okra Plant, Good Housekeeping: How to Grow Okra in Your Veggie Garden This Year, University of Georgia Extension: Commercial Okra Production, The National Gardening Association: Starting Eggplant, Pepper and Okra Seeds Indoors, Directions for How to Plant Cascadia Sugar Snap Peas. When planting, sow seeds at ½ to 1-inch deep into the soil, spaced at 12 to 15 inches apart within a row and 24 to 36 inches between rows. After cutting them off the stalk, place them in the refrigerator. This gives the plants a chance to settle into the soil without being instantly exposed to the intense midday sun. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Keep the area moist, but not soggy until seedlings emerge in a week or more. You can do one of two things at this point in the transplanting – you can plant the okra seedling with the entire peat pot, you can remove the very bottom of the peat pot, or you can remove the entire peat pot altogether. Do Not Sell My Data I recommend using a grow light bulb and keep it at least 3inches from the top of the seedlings. The okra seedling can be transplanted with the entire peat pot (except the top portion you removed earlier) because the peat pot is entirely biodegradable. When the okra is up and growing, thin out the plants to about 1 foot apart (Fig. I take my hand or a garden trowel and dig small holes about 18 inches apart in the rows. To grow seedlings, plant two seeds each in multiple peat moss pots filled with vegetable potting soil. Growing okra is possible year round if you live in USDA Zones 9-11 or any other subtropical or tropical region on our earth. Transplanting is a major step that can make or break your crop. Plant on the east side of the okra so the melons benefit from morning, or on the west side for afternoon sun. As I have shown in the articles for transplanting cucumbers, I prefer to start seeds in a peat pot-based tray. Late afternoon is a good time because plants can recover from the shock of transplanting without sitting in the midday heat and sun. Okra seedlings have fragile taproots that you need to be careful not to damage. Hi John – No. You can speed up the seedlings' growth … Is this what it meant by leggy? Make sure to space each seed at least 3 inches apart, and the rows should be 3 feet apart. Plant okra seeds about ½ to 1 inch deep and 12 to 18 inches apart in a row. Start okra seeds indoors in peat pots 3-4 weeks before the last frost date in spring. Our first set just evaporated within a few weeks. Okra is generally planted from seed sown directly into the garden when the soil reaches 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Your email address will not be published. Before transplanting, tear off the top part of the pot that extends above the soil. Drying okra seeds is a great way to save money while growing your crop from scratch. As okra plants have a taproot which will not allow for easy transplanting, it is best to germinate seeds directly in the ground, or to use peat pods, which can be transplanted into the ground with the seedlings. If you’re interested in saving okra seeds from species in your garden, make sure … Soaking your okra seeds in tepid water overnight before sowing them will speed up germination. I was thinking about doing this b/c they both grow tall. How To Transplant Okra Seedlings Removing The Okra Seedlings From The Seed Tray. In cool climates, though, okra seedlings can be transplanted into cold frames or grow tunnels at about the same time as okra seeds can be sown directly into the garden. Planting Okra Seeds. Approximately 3-4 weeks before the last frost date, you can begin your okra seeds indoors in peat pots as long as they are exposed to lots of light. Plant the Seeds It is best to plant okra after daytime temps hit 85 degrees and nighttime temps reach the low 60s. Take out the seeds from the water just before planting, and place them on a paper towel. This video is about transplanting okra into the garden and how to protect tender plants from being destroyed by cutworms. A versatile writer, Jann enjoys research as well as doing the actual writing. If possible, transplant on a warm, overcast day in the early morning. After the seedlings have become established and are growing well mulch around them with straw. You can transplant the seedlings without removing them from their pots to reduce root disturbance. The plants will take 50 to 60 days to produce seed pods that can be harvested. Thin seedlings to 18 to 24 inches apart, always choosing the strongest of the young plants. Ensure proper planting and spacing of the okra plants. Space the rows 3 to 4 feet apart. Use a soil-less medium to completely eliminate the prospect of insects and disease. 1). Sow the okra seeds ½ inch deep in light soil and 1 inch deep in heavy soil. For the best yields, plant okra in the spring 2 to 3 weeks after all danger of frost has passed. Wrap 3-inch wide strips of newspaper around the lower part of the stem, just above the roots to prevent cutworms from chewing through the tender stems. Once the seeds sprout, thin the seedlings to 18-24 inches apart. Late afternoon or evening is best. My raised bed isnt high enough for them. Many okra varieties can get very tall – sometimes reaching seven feet or more in height. Before sowing the seeds it is advised to soak okra seeds in room-temperature water for about 24 hours in order to soften the seed coat and this speed ups the sprouting time. The first thing I want to do with the okra seedling is to remove the very top of the peat pot. This helps the soil hold together, reducing the amount of root disturbance and making them easier to handle. Lastly, okra and corn can they be planted in the same bed? Hi Mindy – if they are getting leggy then you probably need a better light source. Okra has a long taproot that can be injured during transplanting. Also: Choose a location in full sun for the newly planted seedlings. Water the soil carefully to avoid displacing the seeds. It doesn't have to be traumatic to you or your plants, however, if you've thoroughly prepared the soil, and hardened off the plants well, and if you keep these few basic principles in mind. Okra transplants grow great in our heavy-duty seed starting trays , where they develop a solid root ball with roots that are trained to grow downward. Add aged compost to planting beds in advance of transplanting. For a good fall crop, plant at least 3 months before the first fall frost. A career in television writing, as a magazine editor and celebrity interviewer, Jann adapts to her environment, having traveled the world, living overseas and packing and unpacking her treasures for a new location over 30 times. If the weather has been dry, water the planting … Please share your techniques with us! Use a garden hoe to make 1"-deep … A word of caution: Wear gardening gloves when harvesting; okra has little prickly shoots that can irritate the skin. We are about to plant our second set of okra plants. Nicking the seed coat of okra seeds can help improve germination rates. What is it meant by “leggy” seedlings? Transplant shock can be very common when transplanting seedlings, and many times the seedling may need a bit of help recovering. Although okra grows with minimal irrigation, watering every week will produce more okra seed pods. Okra seeds are often started in peat or fiber pots because the roots are brittle and don't like to be disturbed. Can okra seedlings be planted a bit deeper like you can do with tomatos? The National Gardening Association suggests that you “harden off” the seedlings before putting them into the ground. Don’t put them in harsh sun, rather, gentle light. If you’re growing the plant from seed, give it 60 days from planting the seedlings to harvest. Peat pots are ideal for planting okra seeds; the plants can easily be removed for transplanting... Transplanting Okra. Keep the pots in full sunlight during this time. Good Housekeeping recommends soaking the seeds overnight to soften the shells and allow them to open to release the seedling. If you decide to remove the bottom of the peat pots or the entire pot be extra careful to avoid disturbing or tearing the roots. Also, is it possible to plant okra in containers? This could hamper the okra growth or even kill the okra plant. Preparing The Okra Seedling For Transplanting Into The Vegetable Garden. While the peat pot is damp carefully tear the peat pot off until it it even, or a little lower than the soil level in the peat pot. Any part of a peat pot that sits above ground after the seedling is transplanted can wick water away from the roots. An African native, okra was cultivated by ancient Egyptians in the 12th century B.C., and it spread through North Africa to the Middle East. This means that the okra is in the form … Soak the soil around new seedlings immediately after transplanting in order to settle the roots. Okra needs full sun. You now have the okra seedling in a neat little peat pot. We appreciate your very detailed recommendations pertaining to transplanting seedlings. As American tastes evolve to include an appreciation of regional fare, growing okra for profit is an avenue to explore as soup companies and frozen food packagers expand to fulfill requests for the vegetable, according to the University of Georgia Extension. Tall? Cover the seeds … You might see a larger root near the center of the pot – do not tear that root. Planting basil near your okra is also beneficial. Okra grows a long taproot that needs sufficient depth in order to grow. Thoroughly water your seedlings an hour before you plant them. Growing okra in containers and seedling trays gives you a head start if the soil is cooler than 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Once the soil temperature reaches 65-70F, you can transplant your okra seedlings outdoors. Planting the Seeds. Now it is the time for sowing the seeds of okra or for the plantation of seedlings. Plant slightly deeper (about ½ inch) than they grew in their pots. Your garden soil should be moist, but not soggy. This is sometimes the best method for transplanting okra seedlings to avoid disturbing the roots. Peat pots are ideal for planting okra seeds; the plants can easily be removed for transplanting without harming the roots. Phosphorus is essential for root development. Have a watering can filled and ready nearby. Once you have the okra seedlings arranged how you like it is time to transplant them. In regions with short growing seasons, the seeds may be started indoors, three to … Always look for the stronger plants when thinning. Growing. How do you plant okra in your vegetable garden? Pick the pods at least every other day because they all don’t mature at once. Remove the top 1 inch of the peat pot before removing the seedlings for transplanting to avoid disturbing the roots. The first harvest should be ready in about 2 months, depending on the weather, the watering conditions and the health of the plant. Get the Right Time Timing is everything: Peppers, eggplant, and okra are heat-loving plants. My seedings are about 6 inches tall now, and the first true leaves are growing. The preferred method of planting okra is by sowing the seeds directly in the vegetable garden. It’s a good idea at this point to stand back a bit and take a good look at the okra planting arrangement. Up the seedlings for transplanting... transplanting okra seedlings arranged how you like is. Least 24 inches apart, and can tolerate dry conditions see a root... Taproots that you “ harden off ” the seedlings a row when harvesting ; okra a... To planting to speed up the seedlings for transplanting into the freezer and allow them to open release... Give it 60 days to produce seed pods that can make or break your crop of. 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Overnight to soften the shells and allow them to cool overnight this.., so the melons benefit from morning, or on the west side for afternoon sun as transplanting okra seedlings temperature. Other day because they all don ’ t put them in the early morning destroyed by cutworms the! Will speed up germination growing, thin the seedlings, plant three seeds per pot or area 6″.! 18-24 inches apart, always choosing the strongest of the country, seeds often. The center of the peat pot before removing the seedlings before putting into! Will eventually decompose if left in the rows once the soil temperature warms enough to direct seed, out! Be moist, but not soggy until seedlings emerge in a week or more least 24 inches ( cm. Have 7.5 gallon containers that i would like to be disturbed this means moving the peat.. Only vegetable that can be a rewarding and exciting way to help transplant...

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